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  • Ericca Dunn

Pentecost - "Birthday of the Church"


Acts 2

“Birthday of the Church”

“When the day of Pentecost [Feast of Weeks or Harvest] came, they were all together in one place. 2 Suddenly a sound like [HEARD] the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 They saw [SAW] what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. 4 All [Not some] of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues [Greek = Languages] as the Spirit enabled them.5 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven. 6 When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language [Greek = dialect] being spoken. 7 Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? 8 Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language[Greek = our language dialect ] 9 Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[A Roman province] 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome 11 (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” [Greek = Languages] 12 Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?” 13 Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.” 14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say. 15 These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning! 16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17 “‘In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. [Not just Prophets, Priests, Kings] Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams. 18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy…21 And everyone who calls [Believes] on the name of the Lord will be saved.’ 22 “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. 23 This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, [Gentiles & Pontius Pilate] put him to death by nailing him to the cross. 24 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. 29 “Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. 30 But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay[Jesus’] 32 God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it. 33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear… [Proclaiming the Gospel] 36 “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah.” 37 When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart [Deeply affected and changed] and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?[We should always ask God this question] 38 Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit…40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” 41 Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.”

-Acts 2:1-41.


Pentecost is a Huge Event

1. A turning point in the history of God’s Kingdom.

Acts 1

“Jesus Ascends”. The Apostles told to WAIT for the Holy Spirit

Acts 2

The H. Sp. Comes & Empowers. 

2. The Disciples were held back, [Acts 1]

but now sent forth. [Acts 2]

God’s timing.

“He has made everything beautiful in its time.”

-Ecclesiastes 3:11

3. Birth of “The Church”. 

OT had “The Chosen People” through Abraham & Sarah,

NT has “The Church”, “The Body of Jesus” through the Holy Spirit’s coming on Pentecost.


Unleavened Bread

First Fruits






We can think of PENTECOST as the “Birth of the Church” and the “Undoing of what took place at the “Tower of Babel” (Where different tongues separated the people)


Another offering of first fruits.

No one could come to the Feast without an offering.

God gave an offering to them on the first Pentecost after Resurrection.

The Holy Spirit is the 3rd Person Trinity

Convicts people of sin.

Dwells in the hearts of Christians. “When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment…”

-John 16:8-11

“… no one can say, "Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.”

-1 Corinthians 12:3

“The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.”

-Romans 8:16

“…this is how we know that he lives in us: We know it by the Spirit he gave us.”

-John 3:24

“Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, ‘Abba, Father’." 

-Galatians 4:6

The Holy Spirit guides, directs and empowers us to live a holy life.  

“You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you.” 

-Romans 8:9

“When he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.” 

-John 16:13

He gives us different “Spiritual Gifts” to bless others in the church. “Now about spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant… 4 There are different kinds of gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 There are different kinds of service, but the same Lord. 6 There are different kinds of working, but the same God works all of them in all men. 7 Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. 8 To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, 10 to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, [LANGUAGES] and to still another the interpretation of tongues. 11 All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines. 12 The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body. So it is with Christ. 13 For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body—whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. 14 Now the body is not made up of one part but of many. 15If the foot should say, "Because I am not a hand, I do not belong to the body," it would not for that reason cease to be part of the body. 16 And if the ear should say, "Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body," it would not for that reason cease to be part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be? If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But in fact God has arranged the parts in the body, every one of them, just as he wanted them to be. 19 If they were all one part, where would the body be? 20 As it is, there are many parts, but one body. 21 The eye cannot say to the hand, "I don't need you!" And the head cannot say to the feet, "I don't need you!" 22 On the contrary, those parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23 and the parts that we think are less honorable we treat with special honor. And the parts that are unpresentable are treated with special modesty, 24 while our presentable parts need no special treatment. But God has combined the members of the body and has given greater honor to the parts that lacked it, 25 so that there should be no division in the body, but that its parts should have equal concern for each other. 26 If one part suffers, every part suffers with it; if one part is honored, every part rejoices with it. 27 Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it. 28 And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues. 29 Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? 30 Do all have gifts of healing? Do all speak in tongues [LANGUAGES]? Do all interpret? 31 But eagerly desire the greater gifts. And now I will show you the most excellent way.”

(1 Corinthians 12)

“Each one should use whatever gift he has received to serve others, faithfully administering God's grace in its various forms. If anyone speaks, he should do it as one speaking the very words of God. If anyone serves, he should do it with the strength God provides, so that in all things God may be praised through Jesus Christ. To him be the glory and the power for ever and ever. Amen.”

(1 Peter 4:10-11)

There are also “Fruit of the Spirit” that result from the Holy Spirit in us.

“The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control.”

-Galatians 5:22,23

4. Gives us the confidence that we have the power, strength and guidance of God through the Holy Spirit.

Baptism with the Holy Spirit

Mt 3:11 J the B w/r Jesus

Acts 1:5 JC you will B- “with”

God’s gift at Conversion/Baptism

Filled with the Spirit

(Many verses commanding this continual filling)

“Be very careful, then, how you live—not as unwise but as wise, 16 making the most of every opportunity, because the days are evil. 17 Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the Lord’s will is. 18 Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled [Under His influence] with the Spirit…”

- Ephesians 5:15-18

Keep Sailing

-with the power of God’s Spirit.

Get the full Benefits 

-of the power of the wind.

(The Holy Spirit)

I can do all this through him who gives me strength

-Philippians 4:13

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